World War Two

Newspaper Extracts

Battle of Britain - World War 2
Next year, 1919 will be the 80th anniversary of the start of World War 2, which was declared on 3rd September, 1939.

At first after the declaration, very little appeared to happen although there were some casualties at sea. This period soon became known as the Phoney War. It lasted until the 10th May, 1940 and then the Germans began to move against the British Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders. During the retreat, soldiers were often left behind; if they were lucky they were captured by the Germans; prisoners of war. Sometimes they were not so lucky.

 

World War Two

 

By the 26th May, 1940 the British army (or those who had survived ) were corralled on the beaches at Dunkirk with all appearances of sitting ducks waiting for the attack from the German Army. However, for some reason, it did not occur and Hitler gave the job of attacking the British Army at Dunkirk to the Luftwaffe.

This gave just enough time to avert total disaster. Disaster was turned into a minor miracle by the rescue of 215,000 British and 123,000 French in British ships, small and large to England. In the weeks following the evacuation, the papers were full of news of soldiers missing and then found to be prisoners of war. The war was over for them.

 
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LOCAL NEWS STORIESADVERTSHOME LIFETHE PEOPLE

London Carries on – Spirit of the People

This news report featured in the Bromley & District Times in mid-October 1940 and gives an insight into how life carried on as normal for the residents of London during the Blitz of 1940. LONDON CARRIES ON 35-MILE TOUR AFTER ...
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Spirit of the People Unbroken during Air Battles over SE England

The Blitz began on 7th September 1940, 'Black Saturday', when German bombers attacked London, leaving 430 dead and over 1,600 injured.  London was then bombed for 57 consecutive nights, and often during daytime too. While London was bombed more heavily ...
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Wanton Bombing of Hospital

Sister Killed, Four Nurses Injured Stories of miraculous escapes and high courage A Sister was killed and hours nurses severely injured when German raiders deliberately attacked a South-East hospital during Wednesday night. High explosive and oil bombs were dropped and ...
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Man Survives Air Raid which Destroyed his House

When a bomb demolished a house in a suburb on Saturday afternoon, the owner was inside. To the amazement of the A.R.P. workers who were at once on the spot, the man crawled from the wreckage suffering only from cuts ...
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How OXO helped Strengthen the Home Front

In 1840 a German chemist, by the name of Baron Justus von Liebig (1803-1873), invented meat extract through his Extract of Meat Company, and shortly after Oxo was created.  The formula was so popular that by 1908 Oxo was able to ...
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Burial of Air Raid Casualties

The idea seems to have gained currency in some districts where there have, unhappily, been fatal air-raid casualties, that such persons are buried, more or less unceremoniously, in a public grave. That is a wrong impression altogether, and that it ...
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Men Wanted Now

The devastation left by the air raids on, and around, London was immense and people were needed to help with the clear up.  This advert appeared in the Bromley District Times newspaper on the 18th October 1940 advertising for those ...
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Flight-Sergeant Charles Sydney

KILLED IN ACTION Flight-Sergeant C. Sydney. St Mary Cray. Flight-Sergeant Charles Sydney, aged 25 years, third son of Mr. and Mrs. H. Sydney, of Derry Downs, St. Mary Cray, was killed during a combat with the Germans on September 27 ...
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Ten Planes Brought Down during 1940 air battle

Another week of heavy bombing was felt over London in early Autumn 1940.  While thousands of people travelled to work in London one Friday morning, enemy aircraft and British fighters fought in the skies overhead. The Bromley & District newspaper ...
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TRIBUTE TO CIVIL DEFENCE SERVICES

To the Editor Sir,- I should much like to express through the medium of your paper, our deep appreciation of the great work being done by all the Civil Defence Services. The tireless devotion to duty and the splendid courage ...
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How OXO helped Strengthen the Home Front

In 1840 a German chemist, by the name of Baron Justus von Liebig (1803-1873), invented meat extract through his Extract of ...
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Men Wanted Now

The devastation left by the air raids on, and around, London was immense and people were needed to help with ...
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Three-Decker Bunk beds in Bromley Air Raid Shelter

Three-Decker Divans in Elm Bank Hotel Shelter The entrance to these improvised sleeping quarters is down a six-feet stairway directly ...
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Bromley Fighter Fund: 1940

Appeared in the Bromley & District Times, 20th September 1940 ...
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No Waste! Tactics of the Kitchen Front

This advert, to help combat waste in the kitchen, featured in the Bromley & District Times newspaper on 20th September ...
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Fashion Conscious - September 1940

Autumn Fashions – 1940

For the fashion conscious in 1940, this advert appeared in the Bromley & District Times on 13th September 1940 ...
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Lifebuoy Soap – Advert, 1940

Lifebuoy was introduced in England by Lever Brothers in 1895, and marketed as a soap that could be used in ...
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Wolfe & Hollander Furniture

Purchasing Furniture in 1940

Anyone for new furniture in the sale? A three-piece suite for under £24 Remember: Gns are guineas A guinea was ...
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War Shelter - Advert from July 1940

Getting an Air Raid Shelter at Low Cost during the Battle of Britain

This advert for a concrete air raid shelter appeared in the Bromley & District Times at the start of the ...
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Oh for an electric dish-washer!

The first dishwasher was invented in the USA in 1857 by Josephine Cochrane (trust a woman to realise the value ...
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Rationing Recipes – Cakes without Eggs

Rationing on food items such as eggs during World War II meant that a little imagination was needed in the kitchen when it came to producing sweet treats for the family.  During the war years, the Bromley & District Times was on hand to help home bakers with ideas to satisfy their sweet tooth. Cakes without Eggs Even the present egg shortage need not prevent the housewife from making her own cakes. Here are some suggestions for afternoon tea: - ...
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Tea-Time Gossip

As written in the Bromley & District News on 27th September, 1940 (page 2) Under the Bed A near-by A.A. gun of terrific calibre has brought down a large piece out of one of our ceilings.  Someone said to me, "I do think they ought to warn us" I replied, "Don't be such a fool.  Do you expect them to knock on the door and say 'Please we are about to let off a gun,' as if they just wanted ...
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Housekeeping during world war 2

Homekeeping in Wartime

This article featured in the Bromley & District Times in August 1940, providing advice to housewives to help the with the organisation of the kitchen and larder to cope with any eventuality in this current conflict. The wise housewife will already have laid in her emergency larder. Inspect the Home Larder and Kitchen Front The Kitchen Front will play an ever-increasing part in the present conflict, and the housewife has now an excellent chance to prove her organising ability and ...
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Food Facts, August 1940

A regular feature in the local newspaper in the 1940's, here is another list of useful 'Food Facts' for readers to help encourage them to 'never waste anything'. The Ministry of Food was almost before its time, by offering more advise on the Wireless each morning - almost like a modern podcast! Every Time you cook you help or hinder Hitler! This advert appeared in the Bromley & District Times, 16th August 1940 (page 3) This Week's Food Facts Please ...
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Lifebuoy Soap – Advert, 1940

Lifebuoy was introduced in England by Lever Brothers in 1895, and marketed as a soap that could be used in every part of the house, from the bathroom to the kitchen.  It was originally, and for much of its history, a carbolic soap, containing phenol (carbolic acid, a compound extracted from coal tar), but in later versions the phenol was removed Lifebuoy's popularity reached its peak between 1932 and 1948.  After World War Two, when more materials were available and rationing was ...
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Grow Fit not Fat on your War Diet!

The Ministry of Food published some food facts in local newspapers during WW2 to encourage readers to 'Cut of "Extras", Cut out waste' and not oto eat more that needed. One interesting suggestion was cooked lettuce!  Never thought to try that. I doubt if I will resort to such a drastic method.  Perhaps food rationing might solve the obesity crisis today! Mind you it would have economic problems for the supermarkets etc that thrive through our love of food This advert appeared in ...
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Making Ends Meet - August 1940

Making Ends Meet

This advert appeared in the Bromley & District Times on 9th August 1940 Think of Great Britain as one great factory.  Working at full pressure its output of goods can be vastly increased.  But from this entire output must come both the seeds of the fighting services and the requirements of the rest of us.  The Services must come first. The war must be won and in the shortest possible time.  This means - and we must face the hard ...
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War-Time Sweet Treats – recipes

Housekeeping in War-Time When rations meant that sweet treats were few and far between, the local newspaper provided recipes with alternative ingredients. Here are two recipes which were printed in the Bromley and District in August 1940 - Do you dare try them?  If you do, please let us know how you get along. Sugarless Macaroons Coconut macaroons, beloved by so many adults as well as children can be made without sugar if you use sweetened condensed milk. You will ...
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Oh for an electric dish-washer!

The first dishwasher was invented in the USA in 1857 by Josephine Cochrane (trust a woman to realise the value of such an invention). The first dishwasher in Europe was invented by Miele in 1929, but they did not become commercially popular in Britain until the 1950's and only for the wealthy at that time. Advert which appeared in the Bromley & Kentish Times, 12th July 1940, page 2 ...
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Flight-Sergeant Charles Sydney

KILLED IN ACTION Flight-Sergeant C. Sydney. St Mary Cray. Flight-Sergeant Charles Sydney, aged 25 years, third son of Mr. and ...
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The Crisp Brothers

One family from Bromley, Kent saw three of their five sons on active services during World War 2.  This short ...
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Private Albert C.J. Boxall

Private Albert Boxall

Prisoner of War Mr  and Mrs A. Boxall, of 38 Holbrook Way, Bromley, have received recent news from their son, ...
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Pilot Officer RA Marchand

Pilot Officer R.A. Marchand

The funeral of Pilot Officer Roy Achille Marchand, who was killed in action on September 15th, aged 22, took place ...
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Mr H G Milstead, 1915

Mr H.G. Milstead

Whilst working for the Standard Bank in Mombasa, Mr H.G. Milstead became the South Africa correspondent for the Bromley & ...
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Private Ernest W Bridgen

Private Ernest W. Brigden

Private Ernest W. Brigden was serving with the Worcestershire Regiment when he was killed action in November 1914, aged 22. His ...
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Second Naval V.C. of the War Awarded to Bexley Heath Hero

Lieutenant Richard Been Stannard was born at Blyth, Northumberland. His father, Captain George Stannard, was lost with the Mount Oswald, ...
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Harry Ludlow

Harry Ludlow, Seaman

Harry Ludlow was one of three brother serving in the First World War.  He served for the Royal Navy onboard HMS Duncan ...
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Guardsman James Williams

Guardsman James Williams

James Williams was the son of Mr & Mrs F Williams and brother to Mr W Williams who was assistant steward ...
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Private Frederick Norman Ayles

Private Frederick Norman Ayles

Private Frederick Ayles was an old boy of Aylesbury Road School.  His mother (a widow) lived on Simpson Road, Bromley ...
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Gunner WH King_1914

Gunner W H King

Son of William Henry and Eliza King, of 17 New England Road, Brighton, King was a Bromley postman and Captain ...
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Private T Smith_1914

Private T Smith, 1914

This is Private T. Smith who served in the First World War.  I want to link him to the correct ...
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Private John Ludlow

Private John Ludlow

Private John Ludlow was one of three brothers serving in the First World War.  He was a member of the Army ...
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G Jones - Prisoner of War

Sapper R. G. Jones

As reported in the Bromley & District Times in 6th September 1940 Prisoner of War Mrs R. G, Jones of ...
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Palin - Prisoner of War

Lance Corporal E. A. Palin

Reported in the Bromley & District Times, 6th September 1940. Prisoner of War Mrs G. L. Plain, 61 Newbury Road, ...
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Second-Lieutenant Terence Thorpe-Woods

As reported in the Bromley & District Times on 6th September 1940, another soldier is reported as a Prisoner of ...
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Private Edward F. Belsey

Reported in the Bromley & District Times on 6th September 1940 Prison of War: Edward F. Belsey, Bromley This week ...
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Sec. Lieutenant Claudius C. G. Anderson

Reported in the Bromley & District Times on 6th September 1940 Prisoner of War: Second-Lieutenant C.C.G. Anderson, R.A. Mr and ...
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Sec. Lieutenant John B. Bassett

Reported in the Bromley & District Times newspaper on 6th September 1940 Prisoner of War: Second-Lieutenant John B. Bassett Mr ...
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Lieutenant L M Powell

Lieutenent L M Powell

Second Lieutenant L.M. Powell, of Chislehurst was killed in action on 17th June 1915.  He is listed on the Commonwealth War ...
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Private Walter Waters

Private Walter Waters

Another of the men of the Royal West Kent Regiment reported missing is Prvate Walter Waters the son of Mr ...
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Amos David John Friend

Amos David John Friend

Amos D J Friend a member of the Royal Field Artillery. Son of Mr Alfred Friend and brother to Horace ...
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Horace Alfred Thomas Friend

Horace A T Friend

Horace Alfred Thomas Friend was the son of Mr Alfred Friend and brother to Amos D J Friend. He was ...
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Lieut John Peake Knight

Captain John Peake Knight

Captain John Peake Knight, of Sundridge Mansions, was the son of James Percy and Ellen Gray Knight, of 17, Castle ...
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Private Charles Mitchell

Private Charles Mitchell

Private Charles Mitchell was the son of Mrs H Mitchell of Chatterton Road, Bromley, and was an old boy of ...
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Signaller Peter Robert Marchant - 1940

Signaller Peter Robert Marchant

Reported in the Bromley & District Times newspaper on the 19th July 1940 Missing Signaller Peter Robert Marchant of Bromley ...
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Private Henry R. Eldridge, 19th July 1940

Private Harry Robert Eldridge of St Mary Cray

Private Harry Robert Eldridge was reported as missing in the Bromley & District Times on 19th July 1940, however a ...
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Private P J Reynolds -19th July 1940

Private Patrick Joseph Reynolds, Bickley

Private Patrick Joseph Reynolds of the Royal West Kent Regiment, was reported as missing in the Bromley & District Times ...
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Private W. Turrell - 19th July 1940

Private Frederick William Turrell , of St Marys Cray

Reported in the Bromley & District Times newspaper, 19th July 1940 Missing in Action Mrs Turrell, of 42 Bridge Road, ...
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Private A C J Boxall – Missing

6345533 Private Albert Clarence John Boxall (aged 19) with the Royal West Kent Regiment was posted as missing on May ...
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John Bond Bassett, 2nd Lieutenant

72521 2nd-Lieutenant John Bond Bassett , aged 28, was a printer by trade, the third son of Mr & Mrs ...
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Hugh Bertram Neely

Hugh Bertram Neely, 2nd-Lieutenant

Hugh Bertram Neely was 2nd-Lieutenant of the 3rd Battalion, Suffolk Regiment (attached to 1st Battalion). He was the second son of ...
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Rifleman James Hodson

Rifleman James William Hodson

James William Hodson, a native of Orpington, was a  member of the 2nd Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps. His parents, William and ...
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Private Edward Butcher

Private Edward Butcher

Edward Butcher was the younger son of Mr William Butcher of Spout Hill Cottage, West Wickham. Prior to World War ...
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Gunner Walter Bax

Gunner Walter Bax

Walter Bax was part member of a large family of boys, who were all in the Army.  The son of ...
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Private George Bax

Private George Bax

George Bax was the son of Mr Alfred Bax,  of North Road, Bromley.  Brother to Gunner Walter Bax He joined up ...
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Stoker Fred Arthur Foot 1915

Fred Arthur Foot, Stoker

1st Class Stoker Fred Arthur Foot, the son of William Foot of Hartford Lane, Bexley, served on board the HMS ...
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Lieutenant J L Miller-Hallett 1915

Lieutenant J L Miller-Hallett

2nd Lieutenant J L Miller-Hallett (possibly John Lionel) was the youngest son of Mr & Mrs A Miller-Hallett of Goddington near Chelsfield, ...
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Private Frank Offin 1914

Private Frank Offin

Private Frank Offin was one of 3 brothers who served in the First World War.  His father, Mr F Offin, ...
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Private Herbert Venters 1914

Private Herbert Venters

Herbert Venters was the son of Mr & Mrs W Venters of Wharton Road, Bromley.  He had attended Wharton Road Council School. He ...
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Stanley William Reuben Friend 1914

Stanley William Reuben Friend

Stanley William Reuben Friend was the son of Mr Alfred Friend and a member of the Royal Field Artillery. Mentioned ...
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Private William Conway 1914

Private William Conway

A member of the Army Service Corps, who lived in Wharton Road, Bromley. He was reported on in the Bromley & ...
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2nd-Lieutenant C H Viney 1914

2nd-Lieutenant Cecil Henry Viney

Cecil Henry Viney was the son of Mr & Mrs C T Viney of Dartmouth, Durham Avenue, Bromley, who had ...
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2nd Lieutenant Ferdinand Marshall-Townshend 1915

2nd Lieutenant Ferdinand Marsham-Townshend

The younger son of the late Hon Robert Marsham-Townshend, of Frognal, Sidcup, Ferdinand Marsham-Townshend was a 2nd Lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion Scots ...
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Lieutenant Oswald Payne 1915

Lieutenant Oswald Payne

Lieutenant (John) Oswald Payne was the son of Mr & Mrs Frederick Payne of New Farm, Bromley. Prior to the ...
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Miss Beatrix Batten

It’s always nice to see women receiving awards for their efforts. Here we have Miss Beatrix Batten, Commandant of Abbey ...
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Sergeant Albert Ludlow -1914

Sergeant Albert Ludlow, Bromley

Albert Ludlow was one of three brothers, and had lived at The Cottage, Cowper Road in Bromley Common.  He was a ...
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Sergeant A E Smith - 1914

Sergeant A E Smith

Sergeant A E Smith was the son of Mr & Mrs H G Smith of West Wickham, and had two ...
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Private William Bray

William Bray was an old boy of Ragland Road Boy's School in Bromley.  He was the eldest son of Mr ...
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Leading Seaman William B Bumstead - 1914

Leading Seaman William B Bumstead

Leading Seaman William B Bumstead , son of Mr C H Bumstead of Addison Road, Bromley, was one of three brothers ...
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Cyril Percival Thatcher - 1914

Cyril Percival Thatcher

Cyril Percival Thatcher was the son of Mr & Mrs J Thatcher of Great Elms Road, Bromley, and one of five ...
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Signalman Charles Clarke 1914

Signalman Charles Clarke

Charles Clark, son of Mr & Mrs C Clark of Tweedy Road, Bromley was a signalman in the Royal Navy.  ...
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Captain J C Faunthorpe

Captain John Champion Faunthorpe, C.B.E., M.C.

Born in Battersea on 30th May, 1871, John Champion Faunthorpe was the son of the Reverend John Pincher Faunthorpe, who ...
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Second-Lieutenant John Potter, D.S.O.

Second-Lieutenant John Potter, D.S.O., was born about 1895, son of the late Mr William Manuel Potter and Mary Ann Potter, ...
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Sergeant H E A Squelch, D.C.M.

Sergeant H E A Squelch served with the Wireless Section, Royal Engineers, and was the only son of Mr and ...
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Military Medal for Corp. C Brown

It will be learnt with much pleasure by residents of Farnborough that a gallant soldier, well known to many of ...
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Military Cross for Lieut. H D Reynolds

It will be learnt with great pleasure that another son of Mr and Mrs Reynolds, of  Morden Lodge, Shortlands, Lieutenant ...
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Award for Gallantry – Corporal Bert Taylor

AWARDS FOR GALLANTRY: CORPORAL BERT TAYLOR Corporal Bert Taylor, of the Queen’s Westminster Rifles, who has been awarded the Military ...
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Tribute to Captain Ross

10th March, 1916 page 10 CORPORAL GUTTERIDGE’S LETTERS: TRIBUTE TO CAPTAIN ROSS Last week we had two communications from Corporal ...
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Private George Bumstead

Son of Mr C H Burns, and one of one of 3 brothers on active service.  Private George Bumstead lived ...
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William Henry Thatcher

Son of Mr & Mrs J Thatcher of Great Elms Road, Bromley, and one of 5 brothers. Member of the ...
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Private-Sidney-Thomas-Miller-BromleyTimes

Private Sidney Thomas Miller

Another of our brave young heroes to pass silently to rest, as a result of wounds received whilst fighting his ...
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Lieutenant-AG-Tapp-BromleyTimes-portrait

Lieutenant Arthur Gerard Tapp

The Military Cross has been awarded to Lieutenant Arthur Gerard Tapp, R.F.A. (Royal Field Artillery), for gallantry in the field ...
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Thomas-Edward-Coney-Fisher-BromleyTimes

Lieutenant Thomas Edward Coney Fisher

Lieutenant Thomas Edward Coney Fisher of the East Lancashire Regiment was a gallant young officer, who fell while leading his ...
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Gordon Ewart Thatcher

Obituary for Gordon Ewart Thatcher, a Petty Officer on the Destroyer "Cherwell" was reported in the Bromley & District Times, ...
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Corporal H W Mummery

Mrs Mummery, Albion Road, Marden, has received news that her husband, Corporal H W Mummery, King’s Own Royal Lancasters, has ...
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Corporal C. Smart

Served with the Honourable Artillery Company. He was the son of Frederick Smart of Thornhayes, London Lane, Bromley.  His brother Geoffrey ...
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Gunner R E Mockridge

Much sympathy is felt with Mrs Mockridge, of Bromley Gardens, who has received new that her husband, Gunner Robert Edward ...
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Lance-Corporal Christopher Paul Conway

He was a member of the 5th Battalion, Royal, volunteered for foreign service and probably went to Jubbelpore in India ...
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Petty-Officer James Green

It was reported that he had given 8 years services, serving with the Royal Navy on HMS Stag Bromley & ...
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Bandsman Arthur Warwick

He was a Bandsman with the 2nd Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby), who was killed in action in France on ...
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Gunner Ernest Nelms

He was with the Royal Field Artiller. A shell from one of the enemy's large guns fell close to the ...
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Private L.W. Johnson

Taken from the Bromley & District Times, 25th December, 1917 (pg 3) I thought you might like to have a ...
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Miss Margaret James Birkett

Bromley & District Times, 25th December 1914, pg 4 A nurse with the Red Cross, Miss Birkett had taken up nursing ...
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Sergeant E.S. Mussell

Served in the 1st Battalion Royal West Kent Regiment. An Army Reservist who had served in Malta previously. He had ...
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